Fair recruitment

Global Action to Improve the Recruitment Framework of Labour Migration (REFRAME)

The REFRAME project is a European Union-funded global action aiming at preventing and reducing abusive and fraudulent recruitment practices, and maximizing the protection of migrant workers in the recruitment process and their contribution to development. The project seeks to support the dissemination and operationalization of the ILO General Principles and Operational Guidelines for Fair Recruitment, at global, regional and national level, and is implemented under the framework of the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative.

The REFRAME project works in the Guatemala-Mexico corridor, and the Madagascar, Sri Lanka and Pakistan-Arab States corridors. The project takes a multi-stakeholder approach, partnering with government, social partners (workers’ and employers’ organizations), business, labour recruiters, civil society and the media to address fair recruitment. The project’s three objectives are:
  1. Undertake integrated action on fair recruitment across migration corridors to demonstrate the benefits and feasibility of fairer recruitment models
  2. Enhance capacities of social partners, business, civil society organizations and the media to deliver better information and services to migrant workers throughout the recruitment process
  3. Produce and disseminate global knowledge and tools to inform policies and build capacities of relevant actors at different national, regional and international levels


  1. Fair recruitment

    Recruitment agency business practices and role of intermediaries in the foreign employment industry in Pakistan

    25 September 2020

    This study employs a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies for the profiling of recruitment intermediaries, understanding their business practices and developing a set of recommendations for effective management.

  2. Panel de discusión

    Lanzamiento virtual: Reportajes sobre el trabajo forzoso y la contratación equitativa: Guía práctica de la OIT para periodistas

    28 septiembre 2020

    Únase a la OIT y a un panel de distinguidos representantes de empleadores, trabajadores y periodistas, el 28 de septiembre de 2020 para celebrar el lanzamiento de la Guía práctica de la OIT para periodistas sobre trabajo forzoso y contratación equitativa.

  3. Fair recruitment

    Policy Brief: Improving recruitment agency business practices in Sri Lanka

    September 2020

    This Policy Brief provides suggestions for Licensed Foreign Employment Agents (LFEAs), the SLFBFE and other stakeholders in the recruitment industry on improving business practices in the recruitment of workers for foreign employment and reducing and eventually shifting costs away from workers. This policy brief complements the full research report, ILO (2020) Improving recruitment agency business practices in Sri Lanka.

  4. Our impact, their voices

    Community changemakers help Pakistan’s migrant workers avoid exploitation

    September 2020

    An ILO project in Pakistan is raising awareness among prospective migrant workers about safe labour migration.

  5. Fair recruitment

    Reporting on forced labour and fair recruitment: An ILO toolkit for journalists in Pakistan

    August 2020

    This toolkit was created to help journalists in Pakistan report on fair recruitment and forced labour.

  6. Fair recruitment

    On Mexico’s coffee farms, COVID-19 highlights need for fair recruitment

    17 August 2020

    Farmers and workers on the Mexico-Guatemala border have long relied on informal cross-border migrant labour, although these practices open the way to exploitation and abuse, and in the era of COVID-19, increase health and safety risks. Now, an ILO project is working with local organizations to promote fairer and safer recruitment practices.

  7. Fair recruitment

    Improving recruitment agency business practices in Sri Lanka

    June 2020

    This study aims to provide recommendations for improving business practices in recruitment for foreign employment with a view to reducing the costs borne by migrant workers.

  8. Fair recruitment

    Regional study on defining recruitment fees and related costs: The Americas

    May 2020

    This regional, comparative study aims to summarize the situation in the Americas, by identifying regional and national policies and legislation on defining recruitment fees and related costs and regulation of Public Employment Services (PES) and Private Employment Agencies (PEAs). The study also aims to present and discuss the most relevant issues that different stakeholders identified as challenges in agreeing upon a global definition of recruitment fees and related costs.

  9. Recrutement équitable

    Examen des lois, politiques et pratiques concernant le recrutement des travailleurs migrants à Madagascar

    April 2020

    Le présent examen offre un aperçu des cadres législatifs et politiques concernant le recrutement des travailleurs migrants à Madagascar. Le rapport contient des recommandations visant à améliorer les processus conformément aux Principes Généraux et directives opérationnelles concernant le recrutement équitable de l’OIT.

  10. Fair recruitment

    Review of law, policy and practice of recruitment of migrant workers in Pakistan

    March 2020

    This review provides an overview of legislative and policy frameworks concerning recruitment of migrant workers in Pakistan. The review identifies gaps in relation to the ILO General Principles and Operational Guidelines for Fair Recruitment, and proposes recommendations for ensuring fair recruitment.

  11. Fair recruitment

    Fair recruitment country brief: Pakistan

    April 2020

    This brief provides an overview of fair recruitment challenges and opportunities in Pakistan, and priorities for action for the REFRAME project.

  12. ILO brief

    Trade union action to promote fair recruitment for migrant workers

    1 April 2020

    This brief highlights trade union action to promote and protect fair recruitment for migrant workers through actions including policy advocacy, service provision and outreach.

  13. News

    L’OIT appuie Madagascar dans l’alignement de ses textes aux conventions internationales du travail

    11 February 2020

  14. Publication

    Female labour migration from Pakistan: A situation analysis

    February 2020

    This study aims to further examine the patterns and characteristics of female migration for employment from Pakistan and explores specifically why the number of Pakistani female migrant workers remains so low. The findings and recommendations of this study will guide the interventions of the ILO, the Government of Pakistan and social partners towards fair recruitment of migrant workers, including women migrant workers, in line with the Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) (2016-20) for Pakistan, and the ILO’s Fair Recruitment Initiative.