Working on labour migration issues fits squarely within ILO’s mandate for social justice. The ILO is promoting the rights of migrant workers through its body of standards, including the ILO fundamental rights conventions, the ILO Conventions No. 97 and 143 on the protection of migrant workers and the governance of labour migration, and accompanying Recommendations No. 86 and 151, as well as through its Multilateral Framework on Labour Migration. The ILO also brings together the actors of the world of work, including Ministries of Labour, employers’ and workers’ organisations, and civil society to build consensus on a fair migration agenda that takes into account labour market needs, while protecting the interests and rights of all workers.
At the International Labour Conference in June 2014, in his second report as Director-General, Guy Ryder chose the subject of migration, “a key feature of today’s world of work and one which raises complex policy challenges”. The paper called for “constructing an agenda for fair migration which not only respects the fundamental rights of migrant workers but also offers them real opportunities for decent work”. This means a fair sharing of the prosperity they help to create, and to build migration regimes which respond equitably to the interests of countries of origin and destination, migrant workers, employers and nationals.
What does the ILO’s Fair Migration Agenda consist of?
- Making migration a choice and not a necessity, by creating decent work opportunities in countries of origin.
- Respecting the human rights, including labour rights, of all migrants.
- Ensuring fair recruitment and equal treatment of migrant workers to prevent exploitation and level the playing field with nationals.
- Formulating fair migration schemes in regional integration processes
- Promoting bilateral agreements for well-regulated and fair migration between member States.
- Countering unacceptable situations through the promotion of the universal exercise of fundamental principles and rights at work.
- Promoting social dialogue by involving Ministries of Labour, trade unions and employers’ organisations in policy making on migration.
- Contributing to a strengthened multilateral rights-based agenda on migration.